|Company Act Article 108Aug. 1, 2018|
A limited company shall have at least one but not more than three directors to execute the business operation and to represent the company who shall be elected from among the shareholders with disposing capacity and shall be approved by two thirds or more of the voting shares of all shareholders. When there are several directors, the Articles of Incorporation may stipulate to have one director to act as the chairman of directors and to represent the company externally; the directors shall elect a chairman of directors from among the directors by a majority vote of all directors.
In case the or an executive director is on leave or unable to exercise his/her functional duties for any reason, a shareholder shall be designated to act in his/her behalf; and if no representative is so designated, the representative shall be elected by the shareholders from among themselves.
Where a director intends to conduct, for the benefit of his/her own or others, a business of the same kind as that of the company, he/she shall make an explanation to all shareholders about the important contents of such act and shall obtain a prior consent of two thirds or more of the voting shares of all shareholders.
The provisions set out in Article 30, Article 46, Articles 49 through 53, Paragraph Three of Article 54, Articles 57 through 59, Paragraph Three of Article 208, Article 208-1, and Paragraph One and Two of Article 211 of this Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the directors of a limited company.
The director representing a limited company fails to comply with Paragraph One and Two of Article 211 as applied mutatis mutandis in the preceding paragraph shall be imposed with a fine in an amount of not less than NT$ 20,000 but not more than NT$ 100,000.
|Company Act Article 208Aug. 1, 2018|
In case a company has no managing directors, the board of directors shall elect a chairman of the board directors from among the directors by a majority vote at a meeting attended by over two-thirds of the directors, and may also elect in the same manner a vice chairman of the board in accordance with the provisions of the Articles of Incorporation.
In case a company has managing directors, the managing directors shall be elected from among the directors in accordance with the manner set forth in the preceding Paragraph provided that the number of managing directors shall not be less than three persons but not more than one-third of the total number of directors. The chairman or the vice chairman of the board shall be elected from the managing directors in accordance with the same manner set forth in the preceding Paragraph.
The chairman of the board of directors shall internally preside the shareholders' meeting, the meeting of the board of directors, and the meeting of the managing directors; and shall externally represent the company. In case the chairman of the board of directors is on leave or absent or can not exercise his power and authority for any cause, the vice chairman shall act on his behalf. In case there is no vice chairman, or the vice chairman is also on leave or absent or unable to exercise his power and authority for any cause, the chairman of the board of directors shall designate one of the managing directors, or where there is no managing directors, one of the directors to act on his behalf. In the absence of such a designation, the managing directors or the directors shall elect from among themselves an acting chairman of the board of directors.
During the recess of the board of directors, the managing directors shall regularly exercise the power and authority of the board of directors in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations and the Articles of Incorporations of the company, and the resolutions adopted by the shareholders' meetings and the meetings of the board of directors by conferences to be called from time to time by the chairman of the board of directors; with the resolutions to be adopted by a majority of managing directors present at such conferences attended by a majority of managing directors.
The provisions set out in Article 57 and Article 58 hereof shall apply mutatis mutandis to directors representing the company.
|Company Act Article 30Aug. 1, 2018|
A person who is under any of the following circumstances shall not act as a managerial personnel of a company. If he has been appointed as such, he shall certainly be discharged:
1. Having committed an offence as specified in the Statute for Prevention of Organizational Crimes and subsequently convicted of a crime, and has not started serving the sentence, has not completed serving the sentence, or five years have not elapsed since completion of serving the sentence, expiration of the probation, or pardon;
|Company Act Article 46Aug. 1, 2018|
When several or the whole body of shareholders are conducting the business a company, then decisions shall be carried out by a majority vote.
Each shareholder who conducts the business of a company may act independently in all ordinary affairs, provided that in any matter in which any one of the other shareholders who also conducts company business objects, such objection shall be followed immediately by stopping any further proceeding in the matter.
|Company Act Article 49Aug. 1, 2018|
A shareholder who conducts business shall not claim remuneration from the company unless there is special agreement to that effect.
|Company Act Article 50Aug. 1, 2018|
Shareholder who advance money while conducting the business of the company may demand from the company reimbursement and payment of interest on the sum or sums thus advanced; where a debt is incurred and such debt has not yet matured, he may request the company to furnish appropriate security.
A shareholder who suffers loss or damage through no fault of his own in the course of conducting business may claim compensation from the company.
|Company Act Article 51Aug. 1, 2018|
When the Articles of Incorporation provide for one or several of the shareholders to conduct business, such shareholder or shareholders shall not resign without cause nor can other shareholders cause him or them to retire without cause.
|Company Act Article 52Aug. 1, 2018|
A shareholder shall conduct business in accordance with laws and ordinances, Articles of Incorporation, and decisions of the shareholders.
A shareholder who acts in violation of the aforesaid provision thereby causing loss or damage to the company, shall be liable to compensate the company.
|Company Act Article 53Aug. 1, 2018|
A shareholder who receives money on behalf of the company and does not turn in the said sum within a reasonable period of time, or appropriates the sum for his own use, shall repay the said money with interest and compensate the company for any loss or damage sustained thereby.
|Company Act Article 54Aug. 1, 2018|
A shareholder, without the unanimous consent of all other shareholders, shall not be a shareholder of unlimited liability of another company or a partner in a partnership business.
A shareholder who conducts business of the company, shall not, on his own account or on behalf of another, engage in the same business as that of the company.
In case a shareholder who conducts business of the company violates the provisions of the preceding paragraph, all other shareholders may, by a majority of vote, consider the earnings in such an act as earnings of the company unless one year has lapsed since the realization of such earnings.
|Company Act Article 57Aug. 1, 2018|
A shareholder who represent the company shall have power to conduct all affairs pertaining to the business of the company.
|Company Act Article 58Aug. 1, 2018|
Any restriction imposed by the company power of representation of a shareholder cannot be set up as a defence against a bona fide third person.
|Company Act Article 59Aug. 1, 2018|
When a shareholder who represents the company buys or sells, lends or leases, or does any juristic act vis-a-vis the company on his own account or on behalf of another, he shall not at the same time represent the company; however, the repayment of debt to the company shall be excepted.
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Provided by Kingdoms Law